"The Arts"

August 1 - December 31, 2006


From genres, artists, mediums, and styles "The Arts" display at Evans Library offers some form of artistic voice to every patron. Patrons view familiar and not-so-familiar works by well-known and not-so-well-known artists. They often conclude, in a glance, whether an item is worthy to be called "art". The colorful variety of resources related to "The Arts" includes books, government documents, and reference materials that introduce patrons to such topics as art form, art history, art theory, and the lives of many artists. The world of photography from Ansel Adams to the Time-Life photographers captures memories as well as defines technique. Music with it's numerous styles, instruments, composers, and singers adds to the creative ambitions of many who embrace "the arts". What is art? How does symbolism play a part in the art world? Do politics effect art? Though we may already have our answers to these questions, the resources available in this display might just offer patrons yet another perspective.

"If I could paint the flower exactly as I see it no one would see what I see because I would paint it small like the flower is small. So I said to myself - I'll paint what I see - what the flower is to me but I'll paint it big and they will be surprised into taking the time to look at it - I will make even busy New Yorkers take time to see what I see of flowers."
- Georgia O'Keefe
Photo by Alfred Stieglitz

"Red Poppy"
Georgia O'Keefe

"The purpose of works of art may be to communicate ideas, such as in politically-, spiritually-, or philosophically-motivated art, to create a sense of beauty, to explore the nature of perception, for pleasure, or to generate strong emotions. The purpose may also be seemingly nonexistent."

Based on the above quote, would you say the following piece qualifies as "art"?
Why or why not?

Tracy Emin's "My Bed"

Is this art? Why or why not?
After all, it "communicates ideas and generates strong emotion."

Simple children's art?

Artist Artist

"Leo Tolstoy...claims that what makes something art or not is how it is experienced by its audience, not by the intention of its creator."

A Sampling of Early Forms of Art

12th c German Gothic Painting 6th c BCE Greek Archaic Ceramic 10 - 11th c Islamic Seljuk Ceramic

21st - 17th c BCE Mesopotamian
Babylonian Sculpture
16th c Ecuadorian
Renaissance Painting

Source for above images

Did you know?…

The American-born painter and graphic artist, James A. Whistler, "was also well known for his work as a decorative artist, notably in the Peacock Room (1876-77) for the London home of the Liverpool shipping magnate Frederick Leyland (now reconstructed in the Freer Gallery, Washington), where attenuated decorative patterning anticipated much in the Art Nouveau style of the 1890s. Whistler's Peacock Room, or Harmony in Blue and Gold (1876-1877, Freer Gallery of Art), done for Leyland, exerted a strong influence on the Aesthetic movement's interior design." Source
"Arrangement in Grey and Black:
Portrait of the Painter's Mother" 1871
James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834 - 1903)


"Music is the movement of sound to reach the soul for the education of its virtue."
- Plato

Did you know?…

  • A piano covers the full spectrum of all orchestra instruments, from below the lowest note of the double bassoon to above the top note of the piccolo.
  • Beethoven was deaf when he composed his Ninth Symphony.
  • The earliest known example of musical notation was found on a clay tablet in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq). It has been dated to approximately 1800 B.C.

"The nickname 'Satchmo' or 'Satch' is short for 'Satchelmouth' (describing his embouchure). In 1932, then Melody Maker magazine editor Percy Brooks greeted Armstrong in London with "Hello, Satchmo!", shortening Satchelmouth (some say unintentionally) and it stuck."


Louis "Satchmo" or "Pops" Armstrong, 1901 - 1971
American jazz trumpeter, singer

Sing it, write it, play it, read it....

The Beatles Musicians

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Opera and Classical Music

First page of the manuscript of Bach's "Lute suite in G Minor" Musical Composition


"I saw the angel in the marble and carved until I set him free."

"Flora" (detail) Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux Ceramic 19th c. French Beaux-Arts Scuplture

The Statue of Liberty Sculptor, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi


Detail of 19th century Native American Thunder bird, c. 1910, carved wood

"Dancer", c. 1920 Edgar Degas


Michelangelo Buonarroti

"Figure" Jacques Lipchitz Bronze (20th c French Cubist sculpture)


"When words become unclear, I shall focus with photographs. When images become inadequate, I shall be content with silence."
- Ansel Adams

"Manzanar from Guard Tower"
(Japanese Internment Camp)
Ansel Adams

"Sgt. Edward Hill, Manchester, England, captured [five years ago] at Dunkerque was freed when American Seventh Armored Division, First Army captured Dulag-Luft POW Camp, ca. 03/29/1945" Source

1917 Jeanette Bates, a Chicago attorney, sitting in a chair, with her adopted children, Katherine and Edward - Chicago Daily News negatives collection

"Migrant Mother" 1936 Dorothea Lange

Some of "The Arts" resources on display include:

Masterpieces from Versailles: Three Centuries of French Portraiture Alden R. Gordon SI 11.2: V61
Exposed and Developed: Photography Sponsored by the National Endowment for the Arts Mary Amanda Foresta SI 6.2 EX 7/4
One Woman's Work: The Visual Art of Celia Laighton Thaxter Sharon Paiva Stephan NK4605.5 .U63 T472 2001
Famous Photographers Annual Jerry Mason, editor TR640 .F34 1969
The Piano: A History Cyril Ehrlich ML652 .E4 1990
Designer's Guide to Color Ikuyoshi Shibukawa ND1488 .D47 1984
Pottery: From the Index of American Design National Gallery of Art SI 8.2: P85
Miró: Selected Paintings Smithsonian Institution SI 13.2: M67
Cast and Recast: The Sculpture of Frederic Remington Michael Edward Shapiro SI 6.2: R28
The Book of Art blank ND1150 .B66 1976 v.1
The Legacy of Leonardo Everett Fahy ND615 .F349 1979
Batik Design Pepin Van Roojen NK9503.2 .15 R66 1998
Alice Neel Patricia Hills ND1329 .N36 H54 1983
Modern Sculpture: Origins and Evolution Jean Selz NB198 .S353
Black American Music: Past and Present Hildred Roach ML3556 .R58 1985 v.1
Gardner's Art Through the Ages I: Ancient, Medieval & Non-European Art Horst De la Croix, Richard G. Tansey, & Diane Kirkpatrick N5300 .G25 1991
Antonio Vivaldi: His Life and Work Walter Kolneder ML 410 .V82 K553
Viva Picasso Davis Douglas Duncan ND553 .P5 D84 1980
Thames and Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms Edward Lucie-Smith N33 .L75 1988
Originals: American Women Artists Eleanor Munro N6512 .M78
Art Speak: A Guide to Contemporary Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords Robert Atkins N6490 .A87 1990
The Art Fabric: Mainstream Mildred Constantine, Jack Lenor Larsen N6494 .F47 C66 1985
Antonello da Messina Stefano Bottari ND623 .A6 B62
What is Art? Leo N. Tolstoy N70 .T72 1981
The World of Michelangelo, 1475 - 1564 Robert Coughlan NB623 .B9 C6
Music, The Brain, and Ecstasy: How Music Captures Our Imagination Robert Jourdain ML3830 .J68 1997

Internet sites related to "The Arts"

BUBL Link Art Links http://bubl.ac.uk/link/a/artlinks.htm
Artnet - Artist's Biographies http://www.artnet.com/library/BiosGrove.asp?LETTER = A
Global Gallery - The Online Art Source http://www.globalgallery.com/artist.bio.index1.php
Worldwide Internet Music Resources: Composers http://library.music.Indiana.edu/music_resources/composer.html
Major Modern & Contemporary Visual Artists http://www.the-artists.org/
Art of the Print - International Fine Art & Artists http://www.artoftheprint.com/artistindex.html
Art History - Resources on the Web http://witcombe.sbc.edu/ARTHLinks.html
ArtLex - Art Dictionary http://www.artlex.com/
Essentials of Music (classical) http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/
Create your own art online - artPad http://artpad.art.com/artpad/painter/
Artdailey.com (newspaper) http://www.artdaily.com/index.asp
The Art Critiquing Process http://gigaweb.brigantine.atlnet.org/mainpages/ArtCritiquingMain.htm
The History of Rock 'n' Roll http://www.history-of-rock.com/indx.html
Library of Congress: Music, Theater, Dance http://www.loc.gov/rr/perform/guide/toc.html

A supplementary brochure provides additional information on available resources.

"If the world really looks like that, I will paint no more!"
- Claude Monet, flinging away a pair of glasses for which he had been fitted to correct a severe astigmatism.

Thank you for your interest in "The Arts"!

"Self-Portrait" Joan Miró 1915

"Rocky Coast Scene" Maurice Brazil Prendergast 1912 - 1913

"Zig II" David Smith 1961

"Seated Nude" Auguste Rodin

"Frida Kahlo" Rupert Garcia 1990

Source for above images

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